Study Questions

1. Which  U.S. Supreme Court case created the “fighting words doctrine” ?

-The Chaplinsky v. New Hampshire, U.S. Supreme Court case of 1942

2. Can you use speech to express hatred for a race ?

– No it is against the first amendment rights.

3. Who is subject to the law of freedom of speech ?

-Everyone !


Study Questions

1. Some speech codes were challenged to the court, and those that were failed because they were either __________ or  ___________.

  • Over – broad, Vague

2. True or False. Words or phrases that ignite violence after being used are not protected by Freedom of Speech.

  • True. There are limitations to freedom of speech which include protection from imminent or potential violence against            particular persons (restrictions on fighting words)

3. The Symphony Orchestra canceled the performance from pianist Valentina Lisista because?

  • She is said to have made a deeply offensive comment regarding the ongoing conflict in her native the Ukraine. Lisista defended herself by saying that she was just exercising her right to Freedom of Speech

Study Questions

1. In the Carmona vs. Johnson Case; what caused it to gain national attention?

-Camaro was recorded calling Johnson the N word.

2. What was the reason the President of U. of Oklahoma gave for expelling students?

– For lack of leadership role and creating a hostile environment on campus.

3. Is racist speech unconstitutional?

-No. A racist speech is not considered unconstitutional unless what is said is considered a “true-threat”

Study Questions

1. In the Lonny Rae case, what was the football referee trying convict Rae of?

  • Malicious Harassment

2. In the State vs. Read case, how long was Read sent to jail for?

  • 30 days

3. According to Nahmod, why is it important for the government to remain neutral when speech is involved?

  • to allow society to create a marketplace of ideas